Alice Spott

Ethnobiology (1962 or 1963)

Writing system: default | hyphens | linguistic
Display style: sentence | look-up

Text identifier: AS1
Speaker: Alice Spott
Primary documentation: William Bright
Manuscript source: William Bright, with the assistance of Minnie Macomber
Audio source: Courtesy of William Bright
Note: Yurok-language questions by William Bright (omitted here, translated in brackets) and answers by Alice Spott, with occasional comments by Minnie Macomber (Alice Spott's daughter).

  1. [Kues soo cheeeshep' yok nee huene'm?] Nuemeechue son' cheeeshep', mee' kue weykonee wee'. Wohpekuemew meesh koh weykom', neekeechue soo kue cheeeshep'. 'U-mes kem nuemee soochok'w. Nuemeechue soo kaap' huuenekw', mee' weeshtue' 'ue-meskwoh. Mos 'okw' meges, neemo 'okw' ho meges. 'Oohl naa megeske'w. Weet mehl ho huuenem' Wohpekuemew 'ue-mes. Weeshtue' 'eeyoh 'ue-mes.
    [What kinds of flowers are around here?] There are all kinds of flowers, because the creator finished all of that. Wohpekumew had finished them, all different kinds of flowers. Medicine is the same way. There are all kinds of plants, because that's his medicine. There was no [white] doctor. They didn't have doctors then. They had Indian doctors. That is why they grew, as Wohpekumew's medicine. He just picked his medicine anyplace].
     
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  2. [Kues soo tepoo yok nee huene'm?] Weet kem skuueyenee tepoo, weet tue' 'o hohkue' k'ee yok nee tepoo. Pechue nee tepoo kem skuueye'n.
    [What kinds of trees are around here?] Tepoo is good, you can pick tepoo around here. Upriver tepoo is good also.
     
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  3. [Kues soo nepoyoch yok nee huene'm?] Sekws tue' skuueyen', kweech kem skuueye'n. Negepue' yok nee nep.
    [What kinds of greens are around here?] Wild celery is good, kwich is good too. You eat the ones that grow around here.
     
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  4. [Kues soo 'errwerh yok nee huene'm?] Nuemeechue son' 'errwerh, teno' son' 'errwerh, yok nee 'errwerh.
    [What kinds of grass are around here?] Different kinds of grass, lots of kinds of grass, the grass around here.
     
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  5. [Kues soo meskwoh yok nee huene'm?] Teno' son' meskwoh 'o yoh. 'Ohlkuemee' ko weykonee' weet kee sho'n.
    [What kinds of medicines are around here?] Lots of kinds of medicine here. It had been finished so it could be like that.
     
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  6. [Kues soo leyes 'oolem' 'o yoh?] Neemee hlmeyowuem' leyes 'o yoh, 'ohlkuemee ko weykonee' wee', paasee' 'oolem' hlmeyowuenee leyes. To' kee peno'pe'y.
    [What kinds of snakes are around here?] The snakes are not mean here, because it had been finished so there wouldn't be mean snakes. They will be friendly.
     
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  7. [Kues soo ch'uech'eesh 'oolem' 'o yoh?] Nuemeechue son' kue ch'uech'eesh. Toom' ko gohkuem' Wohpekuemew wee' ch'uech'eesh.
    [What kinds of birds are around here?] Lots of kinds. Wohpekumew made all different kinds of birds.
     
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  8. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee regook?] 'Ee, keech popel' nohl 'o nuenepuey wee'. Tkwo'o chegey kwel 'eemee nuenepuey.
    [Is the trout a nunepuy?] Yes, when they get big they become nunepuy. When they are still small they are not nunepuy.
     
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  9. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee chperger'?] Kue yok 'o chperger' hes weesh 'o soch? Yok k'ee 'o chperger' peeshkaahl 'o chperger'.
    [Is the razor clam a nunepuy?] Do you mean the chprgr' that are here? Clams that belong here, clams from the sea.
     
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  10. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee keptoh?] 'Ee, nuenepuey wee' keptoh.
    [Is the horseneck clam a nunepuy?] Yes, horsenecks are nunepuy.
     
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  11. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee pee'eeh?] 'Ee, chege'lo'tee' keech 'o nuenepuey.
    [Is the mussel a nunepuy?] Yes, you dry them and they become nunepuy.
     
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  12. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee 'yerrner'?] 'Ee, kem negepue' k'ee 'yerrner'.
    [Is the abalone a nunepuy?] Yes, they eat abalone too.
     
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  13. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee pee'eeyers?] 'Ee, weet kem negepue' k'ee pee'eeyers nee pechue. Kee rorowenee' keech 'o nepue'.
    [Is the freshwater clam a nunepuy?] Yes, they eat freshwater clams upriver. You have to gather them and then eat them.
     
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  14. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee mekwchoh?] K'ee mekwcheg tue' pegerk wee' negepee' mekwchoh.
    [Is the sea snail a nunepuy?] Menfolks eat that, snails.
     
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  15. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee wechew?] 'Ee, wechew kem nuenepuey wee'. Plel' ho 'ok'w we'yon, ho 'okw' '-uuek 'eemo'okw' 'we-new. Kwesee weeshtue 'o nep' k'ee wechew. Weeshtue' 'o goh wenew. Kue 'uuek weeshtue' 'o nahchpue'n.
    [Is the sea urchin a nunepuy?] Yes, sea urchin is nunepuy too. A young girl lived at Ple'l [in Rek'woy], she had a baby, she had no milk. That is what she ate. She used that for milk. She gave the baby that.
     
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  16. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee koyaak'w?] 'Ee.
    [Is the starfish a nunepuy] Yes.
     
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  17. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee hlkerrwers?] Paa', weet kwel neemee negepue' k'ee hlkerrwers.
    [Is the lizard a nunepuy?] No, they don't eat the waterdog.
     
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  18. [Tee'neesho wee' kue hlkerrwers?] Mehl tegenuemoksee' 'oohl k'ee hlkerrwers. Nuemeechue kee serrhlerp'.
    [What is the lizard?] Waterdog can cast a spell on people. He can do different things.
     
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  19. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee 'eskew?] 'Eskew hes? Teno'eesh nee son' cheekor' kee serrhlerp'.
    [Is the turtle a nunepuy?] Turtle? He can do anything, do different things.
     
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  20. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee locho'm?] Paa', neemee nuenepuey k'ee locho'm.
    [Is the toad a nunepuy?] No, the toad isn't nunepuy.
     
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  21. [Tee'neesho wee' kue locho'm?] Lochom' kwel wenchokws wee'.
    [What is the toad?] Toad is a woman.
     
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  22. [Nuenepuey hes wee' k'ee ko'ses?] Ko'ses tue' kem negepue' wee', k'ee ko'ses.
    [Is the crab a nunepuy?] Crab is also eaten, crab.
     
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  23. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee nerrger'?] 'Ee, peeshkaahl wee' nee 'oo' k'ee nerrger'. Mos kee mo'okw' k'e-no'oy 'o ha'agonehl 'o peeshkaahl.
    [Is the barnacle a pishkaahl 'o koh?] Yes, barnacles live along the ocean. You couldn't go without shoes on the rocks by the ocean.
     
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  24. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee mekwchoh?] Paa', neemee peeshkaahl 'o koh hehlkue 'ee koh mekwcheg.
    [Is the snail a pishkaahl 'o koh?] No, it's not seafood, snail is caught on land.
     
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  25. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee neneepuech'?] Neeneepuech' wee' to' peeshkaahl k'o koh, ko kert kem' keech 'o koh, peeshkaahl.
    [Is the sucker fish a pishkaahl 'o koh?] You can catch sucker in the sea, if you go fishing with a line, in the ocean.
     
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  26. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee rohtuen?] Rohtuen kwel peeshkaahl k'o koh, wey' kem k'o koh k'ee nekah 'we-rooy. So pechue rohtuen.
    [Is the bullhead fish a pishkaahl 'o koh?] You can catch bullheads in the ocean, you can catch them in our stream. Bullheads are upriver.
     
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  27. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee kahkah?] kahkah kwel peeshkaahl 'o koh.
    [Is the sturgeon a pishkaahl 'o koh?] Sturgeon you can catch in the ocean.
     
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  28. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee chpegaa?] Chpegaa kwel peeshkaahl nee ka'ar.
    [Is the cormorant a pishkaahl 'o koh?] Shag is the pet of the sea.
     
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  29. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee tokues?] K'ee tokues kem peeshkaahl wee' 'o huenowonee.
    [Is the pelican a pishkaahl 'o koh?] Pelicans "grow" in the sea.
     
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  30. [Peeshkaahl 'o koh hes wee' k'ee tereet?] 'Ee, tereet kem peeshkaahl reeek'ew nee kego'o, 'o kohchewee', weeshtue' nee 'oole'mehl.
    [Is the spotted sandpiper a pishkaahl 'o koh?] Yes, sandpipers stand around on the beach, you can catch them. That's where they live.
     
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  31. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee neekwech?] 'Ee, 'o hlmeyowonee wee'. Chuelue mos ho lege'y 'oohl. Weet ho 'oolem' weet soo. Tue' neemee wee hoolegey' 'oohl keech 'o merkue' mocho keechee' laay 'oohl. Se'nee kwel neemee wo nep'. Mo newom' 'oohl 'eekee 'ee, 'ohlkuemee tergerwermee' mehl kee'ee. 'Okw' soo tergerw' neekwech.
    [Is the grizzly bear a hoore'mos?] Yes, he's mean. A person couldn't go through Bald Hills. They used to live there. A person couldn't go through, he'd get eaten up, if a person goes through there. Sometimes he wouldn't eat you, when he sees a person he'll run away, they talk to him and scare him away. There is a way to speak to a grizzly.
     
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  32. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee keget?] 'Ee.
    [Is the mountain lion a hoore'mos?] Yes.
     
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  33. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee nepe'weeshneg?] 'Ee, teen' tue' mehl hee' nepe'weeshneg. Neekeechue 'we-nepek'.
    [Is the otter a hoore'mos?] Yes, that's why he's called otter. He eats anything.
     
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  34. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee segep?] 'Ee, wot kem kee ko cherrhl k'ee segep.
    [Is the coyote a hoore'mos?] Yes, he can do things, coyote.
     
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  35. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee wahchehl?] 'Ee.
    [Is the civet cat a hoore'mos?] Yes.
     
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  36. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee hlkeleekra'?] 'Ee, wot kem wegaayenoch' hlkeleekra'. Keech ko 'o kyegah kee chesee' son' 'ue kee molenee sow.
    [Is the mole a hoore'mos?] Yes, mole will give warning. When he starts coming oup out of the ground, there's bad things will happen.
     
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  37. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee puesee?] K'ee puesee kwel segesomeneehl. Keech 'o hlmeyem' 'o sesomeneehl.
    [Is the cat a hoore'mos?] Cat will scratch you. It gets mad and scratches you.
     
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  38. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee terkerrt?] 'Ee.
    [Is the California woodpecker a hoore'mos?] Yes.
     
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  39. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee ch'ek'ch'ek'?] Ch'ek'ch'ek' tue' kem hegohkuem' kee 'we-ten. Hlmeykee' keech 'o tenpewe'hl.
    [Is the wren a hoore'mos?] Wren can make rain. If you disturb him it will rain.
     
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  40. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee k'err'?] K'err' tue' kem megeskweta' mocho kol' 'oo' nuenepuey keech 'ue-merkue'm. K'err' weeshtue' soo kee'mole'n. Keech 'ue-ke'm.
    [Is the crow a hoore'mos?] Crow will eat it up, wherever there's food he'll eat it up. That's why crow is no good. He steals.
     
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  41. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee tokues?] 'Ee, tokues kwel peeshkaahl 'o goore'mos.
    [Is the pelican a hoore'mos?] Yes, pelican is a sea animal.
     
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  42. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee leyes?] Leyes, 'ee, weet kem hoore'mos, k'ee leyes. Maageen hlmeyowo'm.
    [Is the snake a hoore'mos?] Snake, yes, snake is an animal too, snake. Some are mean.
     
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  43. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee 'ewom?] 'Ee.
    [Is the slug a hoore'mos?] Yes.
     
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  44. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee hlkerrwers?] Hlkerrwers tue' kegahseluem' 'oohl.
    [Is the lizard a hoore'mos?] Waterdog is a stranger to people.
     
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  45. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee 'eskew?] Weet kem kegahseluem' 'oohl k'ee 'eskew.
    [Is the turtle a hoore'mos?] Turtle is also a stranger to people.
     
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  46. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee locho'm?] 'Ee, weet tue' kem kee hlmeykom' mocho kee yo hoolenah keehl meykoye'm.
    [Is the toad a hoore'mos?] Yes, that can harm you also if you disturb them, they can hurt you.
     
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  47. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee harpuech?] 'Ee, wot kem kee merkuem' 'ow harpuech.
    [Is the ant a hoore'mos?] Yes, ants can eat a person up too.
     
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  48. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee tege'y?] 'Ee, wot kem kee nep' 'oow k'ee tege'y.
    [Is the flea a hoore'mos?] Yes, fleas can eat you also.
     
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  49. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee chohpos?] 'Ee, wot kem kee merkew kelech' k'ee chohpos.
    [Is the fly a hoore'mos?] Yes, a fly can eat you up too.
     
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  50. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee 'yekwhl?] 'Yekwhl tue' kem kee merkew kelech'.
    [Is the maggot a hoore'mos?] Maggots can eat you too.
     
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  51. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee nuenepuey?] K'ee nuenepuey kwel neemee hoore'mos wee'.
    [Is the fish a hoore'mos?] Fish is not hoore'mos.
     
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  52. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee kahkah?] kahkah kwel kem neemee hoore'mos, kee nepue' mocho keech koh.
    [Is the sturgeon a hoore'mos?] Sturgeon is not an animal, you eat it when you catch it.
     
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  53. [hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee regook?] K'ee regook tue' kem kee nepue' mocho keech 'o koh.
    [Is the trout a hoore'mos?] You can eat trout when you catch it.
     
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  54. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee 'o'rowee'?] 'O'rowee' tue' kem kegahselue'mo'w.
    [Is 'o'rowi' a hoore'mos?] 'O'rowi' is also a stranger to people.
     
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  55. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee shekwshoh?] Paa', neemee hoogee' wek sow.
    [Is the quahog clam a hoore'mos?] No, I never heard what it is.
     
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  56. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee sa'ro'?] Sa'roh heseesh waak? Sa'roh tue' lochom' wee', tue'ee nepue'.
    [Is the sea anemone a hoore'mos?] Does he mean sa'roh? Searoses is a frog, but they eat it.
     
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  57. [Hoore'mos hes wee' k'ee kwegerue'r?] 'Ee, kwegeruer' tue' kem kee nep' 'oow.
    [Is the pig a hoore'mos?] Yes, pig will eat a person.
     
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  58. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee chergercheryerh?] 'Ee, hlmeyowom' kwel wo'hl tue'. ... looks like rattlesnake.
    [Is the kingsnake a leyes?] yes, they are mean. ... looks like rattlesnake.
     
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  59. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee hlkerrwers?] Paa'.
    [Is the lizard a leyes?] No.
     
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  60. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee hlkerrwers?] Hlkerrwers kwel tegenuemonokseem' 'oohl.
    [What is the lizard?] Waterdog can cast a spell on a person.
     
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  61. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee 'eskew?] Paa, weet kem woogeen k'ee 'eskew.
    [Is the turtle a leyes?] No, turtle is different.
     
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  62. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee locho'm?] Paa', wot kwel lochom' chpeen. Neemee kwel k'ee leyes wee'.
    [Is the toad a leyes?] No, that's just a frog. It could never be a snake.
     
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  63. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee kuechkuech?] Paa', neemee kee weetee soo. Hegee' werms wee' hegoh mocho kertkeem' k'ee kuechkuech.
    [Is the bait worm a leyes?] No, that's not what it is. They use "worms" to fish with, worms.
     
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  64. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee 'yekwhl?] Paa', wot kem neemee leyes. Chohpos weesh 'we-nohl weet 'o hewolon.
    [Is the maggot a leyes?] no, that's not a snake. They're fly's excrement, they come al..
     
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  65. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee merwerseeshleg?] Paa', weet kem neemee leyes wee'.
    [Is the biting lizard a leyes?] No, that's not a snake.
     
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  66. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee merwerseeshleg?] Tenuemonokseem' 'oow wot kem. Kelechkee kahsele'w k'o hloyo'm.
    [What is the biting lizard?] It'll cast a spell on one. It's a stranger, it'll harm you.
     
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  67. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee 'o'rowee'?] Paa'.
    [Is the lizard a leyes?] No.
     
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  68. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee 'o'rowee'?] 'O'rowee' kwel weega'sokwseem' 'oow.
    [What is the lizard?] 'O'rowi' will help a person.
     
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  69. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee 'ewom?] Paa', neemee hee' leyes wee' k'ee 'ewom.
    [Is the slug a leyes?] No, slug isn't a snake.
     
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  70. [Leyes hes wee' k'ee cheeek hegoh?] Cheeek hegoh? Paa', wo' kem woogeen kue cheeek hegoh.
    [Is the money snake a leyes?] Money snake? No, that's also different, money snake.
     
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  71. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee terkerrt?] Paa', neemee wee' ch'uech'eesh.
    [Is the California woodpecker a ch'uch'ish?] No, it's not a bird.
     
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  72. [Tee'neesho hes wee' k'ee terkerrt?] 'We-cheeesh 'ok'w.
    [What is the California woodpecker?] It has a topknot.
     
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  73. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee kokonew?] Paa', wot kem woogeen. Kokonew wee' peleen' wee' sow.
    [Is the redheaded woodpecker a ch'uch'ish?] No, that's different. Woodpecker is a big thing.
     
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  74. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee chegecheehl?] Cegecheehl kwel kem 'okw' 'we-cheeesh, weeshteesh mehl 'we-chegecheehl.
    [Is the sapsucker a ch'uch'ish?] Chegechihl also has a topknot, that's why they call them chegechihl.
     
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  75. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee skoyom?] Paa'.
    [Is the bat a ch'uch'ish?] No.
     
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  76. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee skoyom?] Skoyom kwel nahschewen chpee hoolet.
    [What is the bat?] Bats fly around only at night.
     
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  77. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee pegoy?] Pegoy kwel kem 'okw' 'ue-poy. Weeshteesh mehl 'ue-pegoy.
    [Is the yellowhammer bird a ch'uch'ish?] Yellowhammer has a chin tattoo, that's why he's called yellowhammer.
     
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  78. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee kelok?] Kelok weet kem woogeen... Kegahselom' 'oohl kelok. 'esee puelekuek' soo keme'y. 'U-psech puelekuek sootok'w...
    [Is the goose a ch'uch'ish?] Goose is different. Goose is a stranger to people. It goes north to its home. Its father was from the north.
     
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  79. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee k'yow?] Paa', weet kem woogeen k'ee k'yow.
    [Is the swan a ch'uch'ish?] No, swan is different.
     
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  80. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee mueerrn?] Weet kem mueerrn nepueyeesh speeego'ronew, een the spreeng. 'O lee', Kem newopaa' keechow 'oow 'rkeryernerw. 'O lee', 'eee, mueerrn. Kem newochek' keech keew 'o hego'm.
    [Is the river duck a ch'uch'ish?] It's different, he has a race with salmon, in the spring. He says, "You will see me, I'll be there waiting (floating) in a pool", the loon said. "I will see you when you are there."
     
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  81. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee legemem?] Paa', legemem kwel tegenuemonokseem' 'oow.
    [Is the pheasant a ch'uch'ish?] No, grouse puts a spell on one.
     
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  82. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee terkerkue'?] Trkerkue' kwel chorek'eek wee', terkerkue'.
    [Is the quail a ch'uch'ish?] Quail belong in hell.
     
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  83. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee 'o'rowee'?] Paa', neemee wee' ch'uech'eesh 'o'rowee'.
    [Is the dove a ch'uch'ish?] No, 'o'rowi' is not a bird.
     
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  84. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee 'o'rowee'?] Hegee' 'o'rowee' 'w-ew. Weeshtue' kee 'w-ew ... Mehl hegol' 'o'rowee'.
    [What is the dove?] They call him 'o'rowi'. That's his name. That's why 'o'rowi' is here.
     
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  85. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee kego'sneg?] Paa'.
    [Is the seagull a ch'uch'ish?] No.
     
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  86. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee chpegaa?] Paa' ... peeshkaahl wee' 'o hoore'mos k'ee chpegaa.
    [Is the cormorant a ch'uch'ish?] No, cormorant is a sea animal.
     
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  87. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee tereet?] Tereet peeshkaahl wee' 'o hoore'mos.
    [Is the spotted sandpiper a ch'uch'ish?] Sandpiper is an ocean animal.
     
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  88. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee chele'l?] Chelel' kem woo nee sow.
    [Is the killdeer a ch'uch'ish?] Killdeer is different.
     
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  89. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee he'mee'?] He'mee' kwel wegaaneyoch'. Kol' 'o hohkueme'm k'r-nerh ... wee'eet 'o syo'ooch'.
    [Is the pigeon a ch'uch'ish?] Pigeon gives warnings. When you're picking berries, he'll make noise.
     
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  90. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee tekwonesh ... owl? ... tekwonee's?] Wegaaneyoch' kwel wo'ot tekwonee's.
    [Is the owl a ch'uch'ish?] Owl gives warnings.
     
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  91. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee pookw?] Pookw kwel nahschewen heeego'l.
    [Is the screech owl a ch'uch'ish?] Screechowl travels at night.
     
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  92. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee chegemem?] Chegemem kwel cheeeshep' noorew' wee' t'uue.
    [Is the hummingbird a ch'uch'ish?] Hummingird is found around flowers.
     
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  93. ... Paa', cheeeshep' ... kue cheeeshep'.
    [Is it a bird?] No, flower 'stares at' ... always, flower
     
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  94. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee k'oo'ych'ee?] Paa', to' weesh 'eegaay' k'o'ych'ee, kegemoloch' ... k'o'ych'ee.
    [Is the bluejay a ch'uch'ish?] He's just around, bluejay is jealous.
     
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  95. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee 'werrp?] Paa'.
    [Is the butterfly a ch'uch'ish?] No.
     
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  96. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee 'werrp?] Mue'lekws.
    [What is the butterfly?] Black butterfly sp.
     
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  97. [Ch'uech'eesh hes wee' k'ee tege'muer?] Tege'muer kwel ... roree' wee' 'we-ch'uech'eesh.
    [Is the snowbird a ch'uch'ish?] Snowbird is a bird of the snow.
     
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  98. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee harpuech?] Harpuech kwel megerkuem' 'oohl, 'o tegeykeluem', harpuech. Kol' tegey' see kee 'we-son.
    [What is the ant?] Ants eat people up, they bite, ants. They're something like a flea.
     
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  99. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee tohta'r?] Tohtar' kwel nee tenem', to' nuue neenee tene'm.
    [What is the grasshopper?] There's lots of grasshoppers, there are a lot around.
     
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  100. [Tee'neesho wee' kue pue'nos?] Pue'nos kwel weeshtue' mehl hegee' pue'nos ... 'ue-pue'nek'.
    [What are pu'nos?] Tumblebugs are called stinkbugs because they break wind.
     
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  101. [Tee'neesho wee' kue nosonos?] Wot kwel megenechokw' mesenohl meehlpel ... nosonos.
    [What are ticks?] He will go into your flesh, your arm or your leg.
     
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  102. [Tee'neesho wee' kue tege'y?] Tegey' tue' megerkuem' 'oohl.
    [What are fleas?] Flea eats people up.
     
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  103. [Tee'neesho wee' kue chohpos?] Chohpos tue' kem megarkuem' 'oohl, 'o rekse'm.
    [What are flies?] Fly eats people too, it lays eggs.
     
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  104. [Tee'neesho wee' kue cheycheyes?] Cheycheyes hes wee'? ... Tegeykeluem' 'oohl wok ... 'o negohsehl wee' tegeykelew.
    [What are mosquitoes?] Mosquitoes? They bite people, wherever they bite it'll swell up.
     
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  105. [Tee'neesho wee' kue 'werrp?] Kue 'werrp kwel to' nee noorew', hoolet mocho ta'a'noyhl.
    [What are butterflies?] Butterflies are pretty, they fly around when it's sunny.
     
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  106. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee saa'egoch?] Saa'egoch kwel nekah.
    [What is the seaweed bug?] Saa'egoch, that's us.
     
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  107. [Tee'neesho wee' kue hlke'goop?] Kue hlke'goop kwel ... 'ewom weesh kue hlke'goop.
    [What is the slug?] The slug is 'ewom.
     
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  108. [Tee'neesho wee' kue wes?] Wes tue' kem tegeykeluem', 'o negohsehl.
    [What are spiders?] Wherever a spider bites, it'll swell up.
     
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  109. [Kaap'ehl hes kem ... Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee ne'muuep?] 'Ee, meskwoh wee' hegohkue'.
    [Is the lupine a kaap'ehl?] Yes, they make medicine.
     
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  110. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee sloowehl?] Sloowehl tue' kem ho negepue' ... Wee' negepue' k'ee sloowehl.
    [Is the wild oat a kaap'ehl?] We used to eat wild oats. We eat wild oats.
     
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  111. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee wer'nerr?] Wr'nerr weet kem hegohkue'. Mee neemee kee 'ahspe'm mocho kee ko'soh hewechem' wer'nerr 'ee nepem' k'e-rekwoh mee pa'ah. Pa'ah 'ok'w wer'nerr. Keechoh hewechem' kue k'e-che'look.
    [Is the horsetail a kaap'ehl?] They gather horsetails. When you can't drink water if you want to live "high" you eat horsetails, it's like drinking water. Horsetails have water. You get over your thirst.
     
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  112. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee nepoyoch?] 'Ee, kaap'ehl wee' k'ee nepoyoch ... 'wew nepoyoch, 'ohlkuemee kaap'ehl wee'.
    [Is the hay kaap'ehl?] Yes, greens are brush. Its name is nepoyoch, because it is brush.
     
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  113. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee tegeto'r?] 'Ee, weet kem negepue' tegeto'r.
    [Is the salmonberry shoot a kaap'ehl?] Yes, tegeto'r is also eaten.
     
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  114. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee ta'amo?] 'Ee.
    [Is the elderberry bush a kaap'ehl?] Yes.
     
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  115. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee hue'uuep'?] Paa', hue'uuep' kwehl neemee kaa'pehl wee'.
    [Is hazel a kaap'ehl?] No, hazel is not brush.
     
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  116. [Tee'neesho wee' k'ee hue'uuep'?] Hue'uuep' wee'.
    [What is hazel?] It's hazel.
     
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  117. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee wer'errgerch'?] 'Ee, wer'errgerch' kwel yo'hlkoych' wee' hoh.
    [Is the alder a kaap'ehl?] They make firewood out of that.
     
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  118. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee hega'p'oh?] 'Ee, hega'p'oh weet kem. Weet kem skueyenee wee' k'ee hega'p'oh. Newom' muenchey 'ue-'wer', skueyenee.
    [Is the cottonwood a kaap'ehl?] Yes, cottonwood too, cottonwood is good. You see its white roots, they're good.
     
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  119. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee hlerkeech] 'Ee.
    [Is hlrkich a kaap'ehl?] Yes.
     
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  120. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee chkeep'o'r?] 'Ee, chkeep'or' kwel mehl chkegeyue'.
    [Is the chkip'o'r a kaap'ehl?] Yes, it can put you to sleep.
     
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  121. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee mahkuehl?] 'Ee, mahkuehl kwel neemee kaap'ehl wee', nerhpery wee'.
    [Is the salal berry a kaap'ehl?] Yes, it's not brush, it's berries.
     
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  122. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee kwescheen?] Kwescheen wee' ...
    Is the strawberry a kaap'ehl?
     
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  123. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee kerhper'?] ...
    [Is the thimbleberrry tree a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  124. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee me'yehl?] Tee'neesho? Me'yehl? Paa', me'yehl wee'.
    [Is the stinging nettle a kaap'ehl] What is it? Stinging nettle? No, not stinging nettle.
     
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  125. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee stostek'?] Paa', wee' keneemee kaap'ehl wee' stostek'
    [Is the small fir tree a kaap'ehl?] No, the small fir tree isn't kaap'ehl
     
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  126. [Tee'neesho wee' kue ...?] Meskwoh ...
    [What is the ...?] Medicine ...
     
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  127. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee te'ton?] ...
    [Is the rush a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  128. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee pahkwo'?] ...
    [Is the willow a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  129. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee pohsey?] ...
    [Is the madrone berry a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  130. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee pyaap'?] ...
    [Is the manzanita tree a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  131. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee pkwo'olo'?] ...
    [Is the maple a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  132. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee ho'mono'?] ...
    [Is the tan oak a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  133. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee ho'ow?] ...
    [Is the cedar a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  134. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee kermserhl?] ...
    [Is the mushroom a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  135. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee hohkuem?] ...
    [Is the tobacco plant a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  136. [Kaap'ehl hes wee' k'ee keekwten?] ...
    [Is the moss a kaap'ehl?] ...
     
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  137. ['errwerh hes ...] 'errwerh tue kem hegoh kue meskwoh, 'errwerh.
    [ 'rrwrh hes ...] Medicine can also be made from grass, grass.
     
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  138. ['errwerh hes wee' k'ee chkeep'or?] ...
    [Is chkip'or a 'rrwrh?] ...
     
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  139. ['errwerh hes wee' k'ee ho'olek'?] ...
    [Is the brake fern a 'rrwrh?] ...
     
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  140. ['errwerh hes wee' k'ee me'yehl?] Paa'...
    [Is stinging nettle a 'rrwrh?] No...
     
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  141. ['errwerh hes wee' k'ee tuemonoks?] Paa'...
    [Is the tule plant a 'rrwrh?] No...
     
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  142. ['errwerh hes wee' k'ee he'wonek?] 'Ee ...
    [Is the wild oat a 'rrwrh?] Yes...
     
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  143. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee ho'mono'?] Paa' ...
    [Is the tan oak a tepoo?] No...
     
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  144. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee ho'ow?] Paa' ...
    [Is the cedar a tepoo?] No...
     
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  145. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee pkwo'olo'?] ...
    [Is the maple a tepoo?] ...
     
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  146. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee pes'es?] Paa' ...
    [Is the hemlock a tepoo?] No...
     
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  147. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee soool?] Paa' ...
    [Is the yew a tepoo?] No...
     
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  148. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee hergerrwerhl?] ...
    [Is the flowering dogwood a tepoo?] ...
     
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  149. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee s'e'goh?] Paa' ...
    [Is the madrone tree a tepoo?] No...
     
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  150. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee keehl?] Paa'.
    [Is the redwood tree a tepoo?] No.
     
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  151. [Tepoo hes wee' k'ee stohstek'?] Paa' ...
    [Is the small fir tree a tepoo?] No...
     
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  152. [Nrhpery hes wee' k'ee pyaap'?] Ee' ...
    [Is the yew a nrhpry?] Yes...
     
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  153. [Nrhpery hes wee' k'ee muelomuel?] Ee' ...
    [Is the wild currant a nrhpry?] Yes...
     
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  154. [Nrhpery hes wee' k'ee meehlpehl mehl tegok?] Paa' ...
    [Is mihlpehl mehl tegok a nrhpry?] No...
     
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  155. [Hue'ueh hes wee' k'ee mego'oh?] Paa' ...
    [Is the pepperwood nut a hu'uh?] No...
     
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  156. [Hue'ueh hes wee' k'ee woomehl?] Paa'.
    [Is the acorn a hu'uh?] No.
     
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  157. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee ne'muuep'?] Paa'.
    [Is the vetch a nepoyoch?] No.
     
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  158. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee kweech?] Ee' ...
    [Is kwich a nepoyoch?] Yes...
     
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  159. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee mechaanep?] Paa' ...
    [Is the yarrow a nepoyoch?] No...
     
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  160. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee chkeep'or?] ...
    [Is chkip'or a nepoyoch?] ...
     
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  161. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee tekwskey?] Paa' ...
    [Is the pickle a nepoyoch?] No...
     
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  162. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee hlerkeech?] Paa' ...
    [Is the rose a nepoyoch?] No...
     
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  163. [Nepoyoch hes wee' k'ee 'werhtuuep'?] ...
    [Are Indian greens a nepoyoch?] ...
     
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  164. [Meskwoh hes wee' k'ee ne'muuep?] Paa' ...
    [Is the vetch a meskwoh?] No...
     
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  165. [Meskwoh hes wee' k'ee ta'amo'?] Paa' ...
    [Is the elderberry bush a meskwoh?] No...
     
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  166. [Meskwoh hes wee' k'ee wohkelo'?] Paa' ...
    [Is the pepperwood a meskwoh?] No...
     
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